Snacking Contributes to Fatty Liver and Abdominal Obesity

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Snacking Contributes to Fatty Liver and Abdominal Obesity

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Old 05-07-2014, 16:20   #1
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Default Snacking Contributes to Fatty Liver and Abdominal Obesity

Wiley: Snacking Contributes to Fatty Liver and Abdominal Obesity

May 06, 2014
Snacking Contributes to Fatty Liver and Abdominal Obesity

Researchers from The Netherlands found that snacking on high-fat and high-sugar foods was independently associated with abdominal fat and fatty liver (hepatic steatosis). According to the study published in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, hypercaloric diet with frequent meals increases intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTG) and fat around the waist, but increasing meal size did not.

Obesity is a global health concern with the World Health Organization reporting that more than 200 million men and close to 300 million women were obese in 2008. In the U.S. the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that 36% of adult Americans and 17% of children in the country are obese. Studies link obesity to the accumulation of abdominal fat and fat in the liver, making non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) one of the most prevalent diseases of the liver.

“American children consume up to 27% of calories from high-fat and high-sugar snacks,” said lead author Dr. Mireille Serlie with the Academic Medical Centre Amsterdam in The Netherlands. “Our study examines if high meal frequency, with snacking, compared to large meal consumption contributes to increased intrahepatic and abdominal fat.”

For the present study 36 lean men were randomized to a hypercaloric diet or a eucaloric control diet (balanced diet) for six weeks. Researchers measured IHTG and abdominal fat using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and insulin sensitivity before and after the diet. Those subjects on the hypercaloric diet ate 3 main meals along with additional calories from high fat and/or high sugar drinks, with or in between meals, to increase meal size or meal frequency.

Results show that high calorie diets increased BMI. Eating more frequent meals significantly increased IHTG, while larger sized meals did not. Researchers found that belly fat increased in the high fat/high sugar frequency group and in the high sugar-frequency group. A decrease in liver insulin sensitivity was found in the high fat/high sugar-frequency group.

Dr. Serlie concludes, “Our study provides the first evidence that eating more often, rather than consuming large meals, contributes to fatty liver independent of body weight gain. These findings suggest that by cutting down on snacking and encouraging three balanced meals each day over the long term may reduce the prevalence of NAFLD.”

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Old 05-07-2014, 16:51   #2
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(1) I am so tired of one-size-fits-all. I bet if they had used 3600 men instead of 36, they might have found some people's livers need more frequent, smaller meals but most people do better with periods of between-meal fasting.

(2) I wish they had included some gals (maybe run a separate study for females?)

(3) I am not giving up my afternoon coffee with HWC!

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Old 05-07-2014, 17:33   #3
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What is far stupider than that IMO is that they made no effort to distinguish between sugar and fat! (Let alone TYPE of fat.) Utterly useless. Two completely different macro-nutrients just lumped together and called "snacks". Add typical snacks between meals - i.e., PUFA, trans-fats, sugar and starch - and people gain weight. Well, DUH! Moronic.

They looked at sugar plus "fat" (I shudder to think what that actually means in this study), sugar alone but omitted fat alone. Looks much more like conspiracy than incompetence, but it's surely one of those. The findings for fat snacks alone would be terribly embarrassing.

Glucose and fructose (aside from alcohol) cause fatty liver. Fat does not.

Peter Attia has been ketogenic for 12 years. He did a scan for visceral fat and he had basically ZERO. The technician said he had never seen a scan so clear. He's been eating 80% of his calories from fat for over a decade!

Seriously, it often looks like they're trying harder to HIDE the truth than to discover it.

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Old 05-08-2014, 01:20   #4
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Conspiracy, most assuredly.

I have yet to see a mainstream article about the real dangers of sugar that does not also throw in the word "fat," typically unspecified, as an equal or worse danger.

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