Bigger breakfast more beneficial for type 2 diabetics

by Barbara Hewitt on October 2, 2013

Most people know that eating a good breakfast is healthier than skipping the first meal of the day or eating a tiny amount and now this has found to be especially true for type 2 diabetics.

University researchers have found that people with type 2 diabetes who eat a large, but low calorie breakfast benefit more than those who have a small breakfast.

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Eating a bigger breakfast reduces dependence on medication and decreases hunger during the rest of the day

In particular a low calorie breakfast that includes protein and fat instead of a low calorie morning meal seems to help blood glucose levels, according to a study carried out at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Rehovot, Israel.

The research also found that those eating a bigger breakfast reduced their dependence on medication, were less preoccupied about food during the rest of the day and were less hungry.

Researcher Dr Hadas Rabinovitz led a team which assessed blood glucose control and hormone profile in 59 adults with type 2 diabetes who were randomly assigned to either a big or small balanced breakfast group.

‘A simple dietary manipulation to a big breakfast diet rich in protein and fat appears to have additional benefits compared to a conventional low calorie diet in individuals with type 2 diabetes,’ said Dr Rabinovitz.

The big breakfast contained one third of the daily calories that the diabetic patients would normally have but with a higher percentage of protein and fat, while the small breakfast contained only 12.5% of their total daily energy intake.

After 13 weeks, significantly larger reductions in blood glucose levels and systolic blood pressure were reported among those in the big breakfast group, as well as greater improvements in fasting glucose and reductions in hunger levels during the day.

‘As the study progressed, we found that hunger scores increased significantly in the small breakfast group while satiety scores increased in the big breakfast group,’ said Dr Rabinovitz.

The researchers also found that one third of the big breakfast eaters were able to reduce their dependency on diabetes drugs, whereas 17% of the small breakfast group had to increase the amount of medication needed during the trial.

‘In addition, the big breakfast group reported a reduced urge to eat and a less preoccupation with food, while the small breakfast group had increased preoccupation with food and a greater urge to eat over time,’ Dr Rabinovitz explained.


The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of the DiabetesForum.com Community and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please see your doctor before making any changes to your diabetes management plan.

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