Kids who don’t eat breakfast may have higher risk of type 2 diabetes

by Barbara Hewitt on September 4, 2014

Regular consumption of a healthy breakfast may help children lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new research study.

The study from St. George’s University of London found an association between children who reported skipping breakfast most days and higher levels of known diabetes risk factors.


Children who skip breakfast have several known diabetes risk factors

The research team carried out a cross sectional study of 4,116 primary school children aged nine and 10 years old in the UK. Blood tests were used to measure diabetes risk markers such as fasting insulin, glucose, and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c).

The children were asked how often and what they ate for breakfast. 26 per cent reported not having breakfast every day. Those not having breakfast had higher fasting insulin, higher insulin resistance, slightly higher HbA1c and slightly higher glucose than those who reported always eating breakfast.

Additionally, among children who completed a 24 hour dietary recall, those who reported eating a high fibre, cereal breakfast had lower insulin resistance than those eating other types of food, such as biscuit based breakfasts.

The research team said that associations identified in this study remained significant even after adjusting for potentially confounding factors such as socioeconomic status, physical activity, and body fat.

Still, they added that there is a need for future studies to demonstrate whether increasing breakfast consumption among children leads to improvements in their diabetes risk profile.

‘The observed associations suggest that regular breakfast consumption, particularly involving consumption of a high fibre cereal, could protect against the early development of type 2 diabetes risk,’ the report concluded.

The opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of the Community and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please see your doctor before making any changes to your diabetes management plan.

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